Forklift Parts: An Overview

Along with selling forklifts and offering one of Ireland's best and most competitive hire services, Lift Technology also provides replacement and spare parts for forklifts.

Just like your car, parts in a forklift can break down and become defective over time. Replacing a single piece is almost always more cost-effective than replacing the entire machine. However, not everyone will be familiar with a forklift's various parts. That's why we're breaking down this lifting equipment into its major components, so you have a better idea of what to request when you need a spare forklift part. You don't have to know the name of the exact amount you need, but it's helpful to know what aspect of the forklift is creating issues.


The Individual Forklift Parts





The mast is the vertical assembly on the front of the forklift that raises and lowers the load. It consists of uprights, channels, and interlocking rails that guide the lifting mechanism.




Forks are horizontal arms that slide under a load, allowing the forklift to lift and transport materials. They come in various lengths and types to accommodate different load sizes and shapes.




The carriage is mounted to the mast and holds the forks. It can move vertically along the mast during lifting and lowering operations.


Hydraulic System: Function


The hydraulic system powers the lifting and tilting functions of the forklift. It includes a hydraulic pump, cylinders, hoses, and valves.




Depending on the application, forklifts can have different types of tires, such as pneumatic, cushion, or solid tires. Tires affect stability, traction, and load capacity.




Counterweights are located at the forklift's rear and balance the load weight at the front. They prevent the forklift from tipping forward during lifting.


Overhead Guard:


The overhead guard is a protective structure that shields the operator from falling objects. It enhances safety during material handling operations.


Cab/Operator Compartment:


The operator compartment houses the controls and provides a space for the forklift operator. It includes a steering wheel, pedals, levers, and a seat.




Depending on the type, the engine powers the forklift and can be electric, propane, diesel, or gasoline-powered.




The transmission controls the forklift's speed and direction. Depending on the forklift model, it can be an automatic or manual transmission.




Forklifts have various brake systems, including foot brakes and parking brakes, to ensure safe stopping and parking.


Steering System:


The steering system allows the operator to manoeuvre the forklift. It can be a traditional steering wheel or joystick system.





The above only represents an overview of the components of a forklift. Of course, electric forklifts have different parts when compared to fuel forklifts, so the parts that degrade can be different. We hope the above gives you a basic understanding. If you have any specific questions on forklift parts, please don't hesitate TO contact our customer service team directly.


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